Various types of gardening

Gardening is more than a hobby, a passion for people who grow plants. Planting and maintaining a garden is indeed a form of art. There are many types of gardening used to produce different kinds of gardens.

Gardening is one of the oldest and primary human recreations. With time the techniques of cultivation have evolved a lot, there are many types of gardening. They are:

  • Residential Gardening

This type of gardening is the most common one. It takes place in or near residential areas. However, it can be in a home garden, on a rooftop garden or a container garden, a patio decor or in an atrium. You can plant anything you want in these types of gardens from food items to decorative flowers. Residential gardening is an excellent activity, which can help in improving the quality of the environment you are living in. Residential gardens are usually created for personal use but sometimes they can also be part of a public park.

  • Indoor Gardening

indoor gardening

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This type of gardening is concerned with growing indoor plants within a house residence or a building. Indoor gardens are usually parts of homes and buildings. It gives a fresh look to your home. You can do indoor gardening in all seasons. Indoor gardening plants generally include herbs, flowers, and some vegetables. With the indoor gardening technique, you can even grow plants in the dead of winters. You can create the perfect growing environment in your cozy home. Indoor gardening is usually adopted for growing vegetables and herbs for everyday use. You can do indoor gardening on a small scale like in homes or on a commercial scale. It can be done in greenhouses for the production of out of season greens.

  • Native plant gardening

Native plant gardening

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These types of gardening techniques are in use to grow and preserve native plants. You can easily create a wildlife habitat with the help of native plants. So, this portion of your home garden will be home to a variety of wildlife. This type of gardening is easy and cheap to maintain. This is because water and fertilizer usage are less. Native plants grow when you provide them the local climate and soil conditions of their natural habitat. Native plants can make any garden lively because of their important role as producers; they attract a lot of insects, butterflies, ladybirds, birds, and other such small animals.

  • Container Gardening

Container gardening

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These types of gardening techniques are normally in practice in houses. You can effortlessly grow plants in containers like pots, hanging baskets and a variety of planters. Container gardening is beneficial for places like balconies, patios, atriums and on rooftops. Container gardens can add versatility to your place because with this technique you can plant anything you want in the minimum space available. Moreover, even when you are not short on space plants potted in barrels, pots, baskets, and tubs will add more elegance to your garden.

  • Hügelkultur


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These types of gardening techniques are trendy in Germany. In this gardening, technique plants grow on rotten wooden logs. The log use is a form of the raised bed. The name derives from German, and it means a mound garden. It is a form of xeriscaping. Hügelkultur is a typical garden that is grown without the help of irrigation and fertilizers this is because the decaying logs in which the plants are growing can provide basic nutrients that are essential for plant growth. Moreover, you can grow Hügelkultur gardens anywhere you want from your backyards to deserts it can beautify any place.

  • Water gardening

water gardening

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These types of gardening techniques are in use to create water gardens. Water gardens or bogs require special conditions for their growth. A simple water garden is easy to create. For this purpose, all you need is a tub containing water and some aquatic plants. You can quickly grow water lilies and cattails on your own. Water gardens can add freshness to any landscape. The plants that you can grow in a water garden are so exotic that everyone wants to add a small portion of the water garden to their homes. Moreover, you can add fish to your water garden too, which makes it more of a garden cum aquarium.

  • Organic Gardening

Organic gardening

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In this type of gardening, plants grow by use of natural means. It is a technique in which plants especially fruits and vegetables grow by using organic methods, which means without using synthetic chemicals. Organic vegetables and fruits are very healthy as they are free from harmful chemicals. Nowadays, it is becoming quite popular among people. They grow their own vegetables for everyday use. It is not only healthy but it also lessens the chance for getting harmful diseases like cancer etc. In organic gardening technique, you can increase the fertility of your soil by using natural fertilizers. They can be animal dung or compost i.e. rotten plants and microorganisms. These materials can help you in growing your plants more efficiently.

  • Raised-bed gardening

Raised-bed gardening, also called garden boxes, is a type of gardening which is based on wooden, concrete or rock containment units. They are usually three to four feet wide and may vary in length and shape. The soil in garden boxes is raised as compared to its surrounding soil; however, it may be enriched with compost. The benefits of raised-bed gardening are huge. Garden boxes are one of the effective ways to control pests, i.e. slugs and snails. Moreover, they provide good drainage and prevent soil from compaction. They are best for growing small plots of fruits and veggies, keeping pathway weed from the garden soil.

  • Community gardening


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Community gardens are shared plots of land in which not only one family but many different people from the community work. They grow fruits and veggies and beautify the garden lots. Because of the shared garden between various families, they get a chance to get benefit from various kinds of fruits and veggies. Also, these gardens look neat and clean most of the time. Eventually, it is a win-win situation on both sides. It gives a chance to city dwellers to breathe in the fresh air, in a beautiful, neat and clean environment. They let people enjoy healthy and fresh produce, grown by their own hands in front of them. Also, community gardens are a great help for educational purposes. Hence, they promote healthy lifestyles, beautiful cities, a healthier environment and ultimately, stronger communities.

Benefits of gardening:

There are numerous benefits of gardening, and some of them are:

  • Gardening helps in improving your health.
  • Gardening helps in reducing stress and makes you happy.
  • Studies have shown that gardening helps in reducing the risk of Dementia and Alzheimer’s.
  • Due to gardening, you get sunlight because of which you can get vitamin D which is essential for healthy bones.