Famous Architects- Introduction
A lot of famous architects have been there in the world with their astonishing work. Their splendid work not only made them renowned across the globe but also benefited their clients a lot. Following are some of the world class famous architects with their fabulous work.
Famous Architects of All Time
Below are some of the best famous architects of all time;
- Zaha Hadid
- Frank Lloyd Wright
- Philip Johnson
- Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
- Norman Foster
- Renzo Piano
- Rem Koolhaas
- Santiago Calatrava
- Daniel Libeskind
- Thom Mayne
- Le Corbusier
- Frank Gehri
- Richard Rogers
- Peter Zumthor
- Bjarke Ingels
- Louis Kahn
- Richard Meier
- Robert Venture
- Moshe Safdie
- Steven Holl
- Alvaro Siza
- Louis Sullivan
- Walter Gropius
- Eero Saarinen
- Oscar Neimeyer
Details of the famous architects and their contributions
1. Zaha Hadid
Born in Baghdad on March 31st, 1950, Zaha Hadid got her higher education at Architectural Association School of Architecture, American University of Beirut(1972—1977).
Capital Hill Residence; Zaha’s Splendid Architecture
Beyond all doubts, she dazzled the whole world with her striking work for decades. She designed notable over-the-top buildings and her elegantly flamboyant creations seemed more natural than man-made. Her only private residential design, the Capital Hill Residence, has recently been finished in Russia’s Bharvikha forest two miles west of Central Moscow. This project was actually the dream of the international real estate developer Vladislav Doronin who met Zaha in London and saw in her one of the famous architects who had the vision to create his dream home.
Having made an agreement on designing Doronin’s future home, Zaha first began teasing out her design through a series of renderings which when got completed were appreciated by Doronin as:
In all my real estate career, I have never seen renderings so true to the final product.
At the first glance, Zaha’s design appears much like a spaceship landed and submerged in the forest floor, but gradually it begins to seem something to be studied in detail. Doronin wanted to have his master bedroom high enough to enable him to look out its window and see above the trees. Zaha granted his wish by raising the master bedroom to 117 feet above the ground and connecting it to the rest of the $140 million home by a slender column.
Moreover, the owner may also enjoy a 65-foot long swimming pool, spa, and gym, adjacent to a Japanese garden and a nightclub as well.
The Words of Appreciation and Her Awards:
When Doronin saw the completed home for the first time, he got stunned and instantly remarked:
It is a unique feeling seeing something you have meticulously planned become reality.
And to her amazing talent, he remarked:
This striking and ambitious building is a testimony to her genius. She created the perfect livable sculpture.
As one of the Iraqi-British famous architects, she was the first woman to receive the Pritzker Architecture Prize in 2004 and the UK’s most prestigious architectural award, the Sterling Prize, in 2010 and 2011.
This immensely famous architect died at Miami, Florida, the USA on the 31st of March, 2016.
2. Frank Lloyd Wright
He was born at Richard Center, Wisconsin, The United States, on June 8, 1867. He got his degree from the University of Wisconsin and grew up into a renowned American architect, interior designer, writer, and educator. Out of 1000 structures he designed, 532 got their completion.
He always believed in organic architecture, a term devised of his own, meaning thereby to design such structures as are harmonious with humanity and nature. Throughout his long and prolific career, he brought American architecture to the forefront. In fact, he revolutionized the 20th-century architect by applying clean geometries with an emphasis on horizontal planes.
Prairie- style Ingalls House by Frank Lloyd
In 1909, In the state of Illinois, in the River Forest, there was built the Prairie- style Ingalls House reflecting the architectural intellect of Frank Lloyd’s fabulous style.
The house, in fact, boasts of a cantilevered roof and a balcony exaggerating the horizontal lines of the design. Plenty of light comes through the three windows present in each room.
Overall the house comprises of four bedrooms, one full bath, and two half baths all covering a complete area of 2800 sq ft. With an asking price of $899000, the house thoroughly has art-glass windows with copper caning which enhances its beauty a lot.
The Appreciation He Got:
This great and famous architect received the great Twenty-five Year Award for the first time in 1973, then in 1974, 1983 and 1986. Earlier, he had also received the Royal Gold Medal in 1941 and the AIA Gold Medal in 1949.
To meet his logical end, Frank Lloyd died in Arizona on April 9, 1959, but his work will live forever.
3. Philip Johnson
The American (July 8, 1906—– January 25, 2005) was born in Cleveland, Ohio and studied history and philosophy at the Harvard University. Johnson started his career not as an architect but as a curator at the Modern Architecture International Exhibition held at the Museum of Modern Art. Later on, he developed a strong passion for architecture and won great success as one of the famous architects within a few years.
The glass house by the legendary Philip Johnson
Though he created a lot of splendid marvels, his Glass House in New Canaan, Connecticut drew significant attention worldwide when it got completed in 1949.
The Glass House is an example of the early use of industrial material such as glass and steel in home design. Though, built a little away from the street with visitors having to walk over the grass and gravel strips to approach it, the Glass House has the kitchen, the dining and the sleeping area all composed in one glass-enclosed room.
Constructed on the ideas of the famous architects from Germany, and with the dimensions of 17 m length, 9.8 m width and 3.2 m height. The amazing Glass House has the views of the landscape as its “wallpapers” designed by Johnson and Whitney together. Exterior sides of this house are charcoal-painted steel and glass while it’s brick floor is 10 inches above the ground.
The interior is open with the low walnut cabinets dividing the space artistically whereas a brick cylinder contains the bathroom. Overall, this is a masterpiece of architecture from one of the ever-memorable famous architects.
His Honorary Rewards:
He received many rewards of which AIGA Gold Medal came in 1972. For his excellent Glass House, he acquired The Twenty-five Year Award in 1975. Besides, he was also blessed with the Gold Medal from the American Institute of Architects in 1978. Finally, he enjoyed the honor of receiving the first ever Pritzker Architecture Prize in 1979.
4. Ludwig Mies van der Rohe
This German-American Architect cum Designer was born on 27th March 1886 in Aachen, the Kingdom of Prussia in the German Empire. The well-known designers and architects such as Le Corbusier, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Peter Behrens shaped and polished Mies which assisted him in developing an incredible architectural sense.
Villa Tugendhat by the renowned Mies
The Villa Tugendhat at Brno is one of the great headstones of early modernism. Rather, it will not be wrong to say that it is an exceptional example of the international style in the modern era.
To run smoothly, however, this luxurious lodging needed more or less as much machinery as a small ocean-liner. The building has been renovated with a meticulous scholarship to look just as it did when its first owners, Fritz and Grete Tugendhat, moved in 88 years ago. And as one quickly notices from the guided trip, their accommodation, though as beautiful as a painting by Mondrian, was also bare. For example, he used the finest quality materials for building magnificent bedrooms. Mies refined each chair, handle and light switch to the spirit of formal and functional perfection.
Downstairs, the major living area is one huge room, divided by unobtrusively luxurious partitions. A slab of onyx, soft gold and semi-translucent, divided an area for leisure, with bookshelves and a piano. In the room, there is a proper space with the absolute regularity between two rows of chairs.
A half cylinder of Macassar ebony, tiger-striped like a Jackson Pollock, partitions the dining area at Villa Tugendhat. The main area at the Villa Tugendhat is a glass box, with floor-to-ceiling windows on both sides. In fine weather, One can open them by an electric device which completely slides them, smoothly into a slot beneath. It is only when a person goes downstairs to the floor that he discovers how it was possible to reside like this in a Central European climate of freezing winters and sweltering summers.
The awards he received
5. Norman Foster
Norman Robert Foster, born on 1st June 1935, is the president of Norman Foster Foundation. He got his early education from the Burnage Grammar School for Boys located in Burnage. He had a deep interest in architecture and worked for John Bearshaw and partners.
La Voile by Lord Foster
Sir Norman Foster’s home in France, is known as La Voile. His name commands respect in the world of high-tech architecture because of the project La Voile and many others. The masterpiece is a dark five-story building from the 1950s. Foster distorted the structure into a seven-level light-filled retreat. Lord Foster sketched his preference for transforming this stack of floors and cell-like rooms into a light-filled belvedere. It would draw in the natural beauty of the Mediterranean landscape, and present a haven for family and friends.
The 30-foot-tall, 18-ton glass facade moves to the side and opens the five-story living area to the ocean side porch. You have the distinct feeling that you’re at the prow of a vessel moving towards the sea. The unsightly base was pushed out towards the street. At the base, there is a podium of four guest rooms. Their roof forms a terrace for a four-story living/dining room that works as the social heart of the house. To open the living room to the terrace, Foster designed a facade of two framed glass, which slide apart like stage curtains. It allowed cooling breezes to blow through the house. But the opening had to have a sunshade that would give the house a new signature.
The structure of the existing house has been opened up vertically to spectacular sights framing the horizon. Balconies ascend up through the social heart of the villa like terraces and incorporate a library, seating and dining area. While the use of white, reflective fabric helps to animate the space with varying patterns of sunlight. The whole building is a beautifully designed piece of art and is considered an inspiration for people all over the world.
Norman Foster is among the famous architects who received the Pritzker Architecture Prize for his vision, commitment, and talent. In 2009, he got the prestigious Prince of Asturias Award for making notable accomplishment in the Art category. However, for the advancements in the construction of tall buildings, he got The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award, the skyscraper award. Later on, the University of Technology Petronas located in Malaysia presented to him the Agha Khan Award for his remarkable architecture.
6. Renzo Piano
Piano was born in a family of builders, in Genoa, Italy. He studied architecture at Milan Polytechnic University. In 1964, he did his thesis based on modular coordination. His first experience was with basic shelters and experimental lightweight structures. Later on, he taught at the Polytechnic University from 1965 till 1968. He founded the Renzo Piano Building Workshop RPBW in 1981. By 2017, it had one hundred fifty collaborators in offices of Paris, Genoa and New York.
The penthouse by the modernist Renzo Piano
The penthouse, a Piano’s design, is a masterpiece of the modern era. It consists of six bedrooms, 8 bathrooms and three powder rooms of measured SF of interior space and the outdoor terrace. It also features two spacious kitchens, floor to ceiling windows, and clear unobstructed ocean with park and city sights. The penthouse facilitates his residents by providing the best facilities ever. For Example, outdoor theatre, a state- of- the- art home cinema, two private elevators, and a personal fitness center best serve the requirement of luxury and personal care. Similarly, two long sunrise and sunset infinity pools complete the luxurious facilities with extravagant scenes and sights.
It is one of the world’s unique residences that is a haven of tranquility, beauty, talent & natural light. Eighty-Seven Park is located in North Beach with the most distinctive and exclusive homes, yet their availability is low. The flat compound is almost an hour’s drive north of the most expensive postcode in Florida. The Penthouse is the only unique option still available for purchase.
The penthouse is the only building that has a maximum of four residences per floor. However, It is the only one which comes up with five-star amenities without the hotel bothering and much more. The building’s world-class design, its location at the beautiful oceanfront featuring amazing and worth watching views, and luxurious and competent interior design has enabled it to be an option for people around the globe to visit and spend the life’s beautiful moments here. Besides Piano’s proposal, other famous architects altering the face of Manhattan with residential projects include Bjarke Ingels and Rafael Viñoly.
In 2006, Time selected Piano as one of the most influential people of the world. Also, he was chosen as the 10th most influential person in the “Arts and Entertainment” category. Subsequently, he was lucky enough to get selected into the National Academy of Design in 2013, in New York City.
7. Rem Koolhaas
Rem Koolhaas, a Dutch architect born in 1944, is the professor in Architecture and Urban Design at Harvard University. He is the founding partner of OMA, an architectural theorist, and an Urbanist. Also, he is the co-founder of Volume Magazine with Mark Wigley and Ole Bouman. His works include things that the most efficient, famous architects could not bring in.
Maison á Bordeaux by the Urbanist Remment
The design is specially made for an active family person who is confined to a wheelchair. Koolhaas portrays the building as three houses as it contains three sections layered on top of each other. All three sections are separate from one another. The lowest part is a series of tunnels engraved from the hill for the warmest living of the family. Presumably, the kitchen and wine cellar are the two good parts of this level. Next, the middle section, partially at ground level opens to the outside and encloses with glass, one at the same time. For instance, motorized curtain walls, ensure privacy from the outside world. Also, the magnificent ceiling and floor challenge the weightlessness and openness of the central living area.
The upper level, called the top house by Koolhaas, contains bedroom areas for the whole family. There are dots with window-holes many of which can be opened by twisting. The designer Ram Koolhaas thinks outside the handy design box of the guidelines. Furthermore, this modern villa has another “floating” level that handles all three stories. The wheelchair-enabled owner has his own movable level, a room-sized elevator platform, and 3 by 3.5 meters. However, the floor ascends and descends to the other levels of the house through a hydraulic lift like the ones seen in an automobile garage.
Bookshelves occupy one wall of the elevator shaft room where the owner has his personal living area. Moreover, this elevator room is accessible to all levels of the house. The center of Koolhaas’ design for the Lemoine home may have been the client’s elevator podium room. The podium could be flush with the floor or it could float on top of it.
Rem collected the international art prize, the Praemium Imperiale on the behalf of the Japan Art Association. It was given for his efforts in the fields of architecture, sculpture, and painting, etc. He got Pritzker Prize for his built work that demonstrated those qualities which brought significant contributions for humanity and the environment. Also, he received Golden Lion of the Venice Biennale of Architecture as his lifetime achievement award.
8. Santiago Calatrava
Santiago is one of the world’s most famous architects whose exceptional work has marked his footprints all over the world. He was born on July 28, 1951, and is a Spanish architect. He is also an analyst engineer, painter, structural designer, well-known for national and civil nature work. Santiago got inspiration from Le Corbusier’s book of architecture to become both, an architect and an artist. Moreover, this renowned architect had a firm belief that with ample combination of force and mass,
one can create emotion.
Buchen Housing Estate by the architect Santiago
The design scheme comprises of two types of residences, the terraced houses, and free-standing units. In the case of detached houses, two rows are arranged to face each other across a central, dissident car park. It runs the extent of the site. The glass bricks prove helpful to enlighten the car park. In fact, they are set into its cambered roof, which forms the surface of an axial footpath running between houses. Due to the density of the development, the main accommodation is placed on an upper, overhanging level. However, it is to maximize the intermediate space at ground level. Each slender support tapers towards the base, further minimizing area occupied by each house while permitting glimpses across the estate.
Calatrava, however, was recommended to consider terraced houses slanting toward the woods. The concept was easier to realize at the first stage because of the varying economic circumstances. In the 18 terraced units, there are first six units with three floors each, organized in a sweeping crescent. It became complete in 1997. The dining room, kitchen and entrance with basement to the backside have a way via the glazed entrance front. However, the basement is at the lower level into the hill. Its roof forms a patio that is accessible from the lounge on the first floor.
The suspended bedrooms on the elevated floor of each group make a common entrance walkway, which demarcates the inclined supports to the front. These houses have four or five rooms with a total gross area of 110 square meters, facing towards west. The arcade fronts are fully glossy, and light is thus deep into the interiors.
Awards and recognition:
Santiago is a senior fellow of the Design Features Council. He received “Médaille d’Argent de la Recherche et de la Technique” in 1992, in Paris. In 1993, The Museum of Modern Art, New York held an exhibition of his work, “Structure and Expression”.
9. Daniel Libeskind
The polish American and one of the most famous architects, artist, and designer, Daniel, was born on 12th May 1946. His work has been displayed in chief museums and galleries around the world. They include the Museum of Modern Art, the Bauhaus Archives, the Art Institute of Chicago, and the Centre Pompidou. His innovative and revolutionary work has got extreme critique, as well as big appreciation, especially by the users who seem to love his buildings.
The Eminent Libeskind House 18.36.54
Located on a striking vase hay field of western Connecticut with peculiarly angular composition is the single family home. It integrates its environment without foregoing anything of its own. The surfaces, however, are made reflective which make the 18.36.54 house covered in mirror-finished bronze stainless steel. The material makes it interactive dynamically with the viewer as it constantly reflects the weather and environmental changes around it. The design of 18.36.54 house looks like a crumpled and compressed ribbon that creates a startling structure for the unobstructed view. The name 18.36.54 derives from the fact that the house’s unique geometric form has 18 planes, 36 points, and 54 lines. Perhaps this underlying sequential pattern is what ultimately leads to the architecture being so aesthetically pleasing.
Large glass surfaces enclose the interior space, which is furnished with custom made, finishes, cabinetry, and built-in furniture. Locally harvested oak wood was the source of handicraft interior finishes and elements. The interior plan, however, follows a free form of fluid movement for one space to the next. The custom made finishes, and a small floor level difference on the kitchen floor both distinguish the kitchen, living, dining and sleeping areas without separating them. Hence, the seamless theme applies to the interior/exterior distinction with the choice of materials.
The design is such that the bold design does not sacrifice itself to its natural setting. Yet it selectively incorporates the elements therein for the enhancement of both house and landscape. Thus, the sculptural nature of the Daniel Libeskind 18.36.54 House is rarely parallel in the world of the modern structural design. The architect has thus made an effort of sculptural art for a lodger who acknowledges this art every morning, night and noon.
Daniel got the Lifetime achievement award for his untiring works in the field of architecture and design. He also received an AIA reward which is for the best performing famous architects. Daniel was elect as the honorary member of the Royal Academy of Arts in London, England in 2004. In addition, he got Gold medal for Architecture at the National Arts Club in 2007.
10. Thom Mayne
Mayne, born on 19th Jan 1944 in Waterbury, Connecticut, is an American architect. He received the education of architecture at the University of Southern California. Afterward, he received his bachelor’s degree from Harvard University Graduate School of Design with a social agenda and urban planning focus. Some of his earliest clients were from the Campaign for Economic Democracy, where he had found himself living on a commune.
Artfully designed home by Thom Mayne
The home is an intricate puzzle with partly clad in metal with large, semi-perforated circle shapes. It feels bigger, perhaps because the house’s parts overlie and bleed into each other. It gives an architectural counterpart of a jazz musician riff. While the design strains privacy in some ways, there are a lot of open elements that are not conventional.
Everything is off by a degree and a half
Mayne tells while he stands in the main-floor corridor and gesturing at the slightly-off angle of the white walls.
It gives a feel of dynamism
The living room, however, has a skeletal vertical section cut out of one wall that faces the entrance, the better to see who’s coming to the door. The main staircase has a portion that seems impenetrable to all but only tiny children. Since another volume protrudes into its space, you have to walk around that volume. Whilst, you discover two new vistas, up to the left is an office and to the right is a master bedroom.
The most prominent feature is the dining area’s faceted ceiling. It is made of complexly fitted panels, bending up to form the back of the headboard in the master bedroom. Instead of building up, Mayne excavated downwards. By starting low, he was able to play with levels and shield from snooping eyes. Because of the design, the couple can spend a lot of time outside. The outdoor entertaining room was a part of the house, so he extended a beam out from the structure and then down towards the distant side of the pool. But, there is a distance midway ahead of continuing to the ground.
Awards and Recognition:
He had Rome Prize Fellowship from American Academy in Rome, Italy in 1987. Later on, He received Brunner Prize in Architecture from American Academy of Arts and letters in 1992. He also has been a part of the Top Ten Green Project Award by Committee on the Environment in 2007, along with other famous architects.
Le Corbusier was a Switzerland born, Swiss-French architect, designer, painter. He was one of the pioneers of modern architecture and one out of most famous architects. The architect, designed buildings in Europe, Japan, India, and North and South America in the time span of five decades. He dedicates his work to providing better living conditions for the urban, crowded area residents, being influential in urban planning.
Villa Savoye by influential Le Corbusier
The house resides in a location in Poisy, a small community outside Paris. It is located in a field that was originally surrounded by woodland. His five points of architecture include pilots that lift the building up above the ground, a flat roof that could serve as a garden and a terrace. Also, it includes open-plan interiors, ribbon windows for light and ventilation, in a free frontage independent of the load-bearing structure.
Villa Savoye is also an expression of Le Corbusier’s belief in the home as a “machine” for living in. A row of slight toughened concrete columns supports the upper level, which is painted white. He positioned lower level, back and painted it green like the surrounding forest to create the perception of a suspended volume. Furthermore, the curved, descending glazing at ground level goes with the turning radius of automobiles of 1929. It enables the owner to drive below the larger volume and simply pull into the integrated garage. The lower level is for the maintenance and service plans of the house, while the living spaces are on the upper level.
Moreover, strips of windows are designed to open by sliding over each other. A series of slopes, as well as a sculptural twisting staircase, connect the two floors. Besides, they intend to provide a gradual association between levels. On the first floor, a large sliding glass wall opens the living spaces to an outdoor terrace. From here, a rooftop garden that is encased by the curved walls follows a slope. A large triangle of windows offers sights from the slope to the spaces inside.
Awards and honors:
He received an honorary degree from the University of Cambridge in June 1959. Moreover, his influential work brought him to receive the AIA gold medal and Frank P. Brown Medal, in 1981. Finally, Le Corbusier’s untiring work made him promote to Grand Officer of the Légion d’honneur.
Frank Owen Goldberg, the Canadian born American architect, born on 28th February 1929 and resides in Los Angeles. His work is seen the best among the most important works of world architecture. He is labeled as “the most important architect of our age”.
Splendid Artwork by the Renowned Frank Gehry
The house Frank Gehry created for himself and his wife, Berta, in 1978 on a highly visible street corner in Santa Monica. The scheme for the house has two distinct parts. First, facing the street and the view is a large front wing wrapped around a landscaped patio that Frank refers to as “the entertainment plaza”. Facing outdoor, are a large, high-ceiling living room and a dining room hung with Frank’s famous fish lamps as chandeliers. A family room, a kitchen with a vibrant tile floor- a special request from Berta- and a study are tucked behind these major rooms and look toward a rear garden.
The second part of the house sits at some distance behind that structure, separated by an expensive garden with a lap pool and long pathway covered by a Gehry trellis. The luxurious outdoor entertaining and play areas add a gracious dimension to the house that, despite its interior emendations and refinements, remains a somewhat unconventional set up for a family of five.
To give coziness and livability to distinctive interior spaces, he had called in a decorator and fashion stylist. Playing off the honeyed tones and earthy texture of flooring, there are numerous antiques and vintage objects rich with patina. Moreover, there are custom-made furnishings and organized everything into a smart, comfortable vignettes ideal for repose. It’s a lot like the house itself, which pops and cracks throughout the day as the temperature changes as if it were speaking to you.
Awards and Honors:
Frank Gehry is the Fellow of American Academy of Arts and Letters. Further, he received the National Medal of Arts in 1998. Also, He was awarded by the Henry C. Turner Prize for Innovation in Construction Technology from the National Building Museum. Moreover, his great artwork made him capable of receiving the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
13. Richard Rogers
Richard George Rogers is a British-Italian architect, who was born in Florence on 23rd July 1933. In 1963, he with Norman Foster and Brumwell set up architectural practice. Rogers and Foster earned repute for what was soon termed by the media high-tech architecture. He has been chair of the board of Trustees of The Architecture Foundation. From 2001 to 2008 he was a chief advisor on architecture and urbanism to Mayor of London Ken Livingstone. Further, Rogers was among the British cultural icons selected by artist Sir Peter Blake to appear in a new version of his most famous artwork – the Beatles’.
Wimbledon House by the famous Richard
The 2,766 square foot house, located at 22 Parkside in the Wimbledon district, was custom-ordered by Rogers’ parents and built-in 1968-1969. Two compositions face an internal courtyard, the smaller of which contained a bedroom and pottery studio. However, the house carefully balances the openness of sheer glass facades with the need to provide his parents with privacy and isolation.
The design includes a permanent steel structure, which is bare in the interior, with impermanent elements like panels and partitions. Neoprene and plastic-coated aluminum are used on both the inside and outside of the house. For instance, floor-to-ceiling windows allowing for views of the courtyard, along with the streamlined materials, forms fluid yet private space and joins the inner and outer spaces of the house.
The steel structure is inside the skin to eliminate maintenance and to simplify junctions between structure and skin. Walls are complex panels of plastic-coated aluminum inner skins with foam plastic core and neoprene joining system. Flexibility was a high priority and most internal partitions are moveable. Furthermore, maximum-sized, double-glazed, sealed units in painted steel frames have been used and glazed roofs, neoprene-zipped and solar-reflecting, enclose the bathrooms. For instance, the significance of the building in architectural terms has been celebrated through a Grade II* listing that describes the design as a masterpiece from one of the most creative and exciting periods in private house building in this country.
Awards and honors:
He is the senior partner at Rogers Stirk Harbour and partners, as Richard Rogers Partnership. Moreover, he is the winner of the Riba Gold Medal, the Riba Stirling Prize, the Thomas Jefferson Medal and the Pritzker Prize for architecture. Besides, he received several Honorary Degrees among which in 1994, he got (Doctor of Science) by the University of Bath.
14. Peter Zumthor
Peter Zumthor is a Swiss architect, famous for his minimalist and uncompromising work. He was born on 26th April 1943, in Basel, Switzerland. In 1966, Zumthor studied industrial design and architecture as an exchange student at Pratt Institute in New York. In 1968, he became ecologist architect for the Department for the Preservation of Monuments of the canton of Graubünden. Owning a small firm, he won many prizes and earned a name in the world of architecture.
The Leis houses by the minimalist architect Peter Zumthor
The plan of the Leis houses shows a number of small, traditionally constructed boxes in different sizes and shapes for the utility rooms, the stairs, the pantries, bathrooms, toilets, and baths. These small rooms are freestanding units in the ground plan and are horizontally linked by the ceilings of the storeys. Hence, the ceilings and utility rooms form the load-bearing structure of the buildings. Moreover, the glazed spaces between the utility rooms create large panorama windows.
The sidewalls of two utility rooms standing opposite reach out towards the view and, along with the floors and ceilings of laminated timber in between, they form wide bay windows to live in. To begin with, he converted the wooden box—the main living room in the Alpine farmhouses in our area—into a smaller utility room. Then he placed these rooms in the ground plan as pillars, layered above each other in section and interconnected from storey to storey with wide laminating ceiling panels. The exposed ends of the walls are held together, where necessary, with steel pins or cables. In this way, the two buildings are spacious and filled with light; the design also allows an expensive layout of rooms to open and close.
The presence of the solid timber is tangible everywhere, intimate and close to the body; gentle, silky and shiny, it radiates in the light. The houses are now slowly drying out and the wood is shrinking. The storeys will lose a little bit of height in the next few years; about two or three centimeters. But our windows, doors and stairs, the pipes for the plumbing and the built-in closets, all fixed in place as they should be, are prepared for the wood that contains them to continue moving.
He got Auszeichnung more gut Bauten Im Kanton Graubünden, Switzerland In 1987. Also, he received the 1995 International Prize for Stone Architecture, Fiera di Verona, Italy. Later on, he got the 2006 Thomas Jefferson Foundation Medal in Architecture, University of Virginia.
15. Bjarke Ingels
Bjarke Bundgaard Ingels is a proud Danish architect born on 2nd Oct 1974. He is the founder and creative partner of BIG, Bjarke Ingels Group, famous for its sustainable development and bold sociological concepts. Ingels started studying architecture in 1993 in a hope to become a cartoonist and to improve his drawing skills. But later on, he got his earnest interest in architecture itself. So, he continued his studies in the line of architecture. As a 3rd year student in Barcelona, he started his first practice. This was the time when he began winning competitions.
Floating Containers by well-known BIG
The urban rigger is a floating, carbon-neutral property prepared from upcycled shipping containers. For instance, the plan provides reasonably priced and sustainable homes for young academics studying in Denmark. It measures a total of 680 square meters; each one structure comprises 15 living spaces articulated around a common green courtyard. Other amenities include a kayak landing, a bathing platform, a bar BQ area, and a communal roof terrace. Also, the standard dimensions of the shipping container guarantee that urban rigger units can be transported by road, water, or air to anywhere in the world at a very low cost.
In addition to utilizing upcycled shipping containers, the design employs a wealth of environmentally sustainable solutions- including hydro source heating, solar power, and low energy pumps. It offers a private bedroom and bathroom, together with a shared kitchen and living areas for $600 per month. The design also provides plentiful natural lighting and interior panoramic views from the floor-to-ceiling windows.
The containers have a solar panel on their roofs and use a heat-exchange system from the water’s thermal mass to heat and cool themselves. Interiors are insulated by NASA – developed technology. For instance, he has provided an easily manageable and enough living space for the students. However, one can find space enough to study, watch TV, and keep a stack of books and a nice cozy place to sleep. Sitting by the windows, one can enjoy beautiful views from the waters day and night, above all the views from the setting and the rising sun.
He won the Forum Aid Award for the best building (Mountain Dwellings) in Scandinavia in 2008. Moreover, in 2013, he got the International Olympic Committee Award, the gold medal for his Superkilen Park. Considering the same project as a Regional and Urban Design, he also received the AIA Honorary Award.
16. Louis Kahn
Born on 20th February 1901, Louis Kahn was an American architect based in Philadelphia. Louis carries the scars on his face from his past when he put the coal inside his apron, enchanted by its captivating light and it caught fire. Kahn excelled in arts and this interest brought him into the field of architecture. He has a monolithic and monumental style of creating buildings and is among the topmost famous architects. His buildings cannot resist presenting the heavy material used in them or the way they are assembled. Consequently, his extraordinary work made him the most influential architect of the twentieth century.
Korman House by the influential designer Kahn
The Korman House is the leading and the most glamorous of the private homes Kahn created. For instance, the house has nine bathrooms, six bedrooms, and a two-story, glass-walled living room looking out on an 80 – acre site. The house is a display case of exquisite stuff. However, the first outlook of the house reveals its exterior made of cypress, glass, and brick, together with three 30 feet brick chimneys, as well as a concrete base.
The inner side is composed of Douglas fir beams, white oak, and pine ceilings. Beneath the chimney, the large glass window reveals an informal family dining room. When the house is lit at sunset or evening, the family table is the first thing seen from outside. Moreover, Kahn has made the family table display in such a way that it gives an unusual edge within the older lineage of modernist and country homes. However, it seems that the Korman house has emerged from its surrounding country homes. These features cannot be seen in the works of other famous architects.
A walk around the outskirts reveals different faces of the house in changing light. By stripping away the ornaments, association emerges with different traditional homes. Moreover, Kahn has made his final house about the fundamental experience of the family and its connection to nature. Also, he ensures that all of the intimacy and surprise he has put in the modest works starts with the arrival and takes one through each room.
Awards and honors
In 1964, Kahn was among the famous architects who became the member of National Institute of Arts and Letters. Moreover, in the same year, he received the Frank P Brown Award for his magnificent work. In 1965, he was appointed as the Associate Academician into the National Academy of Design. Finally, in 1971 and 1972, he received the highest award given by the AIA and the Royal Gold Medal by the RIBA respectively.
17. Richard Meier
Richard Meier is an American architect and an abstract artist, born on 12th October 1934. He attended Columbia High School and earned a degree of bachelors in architecture from Cornell University. He also traveled to various countries around the world to interact with other famous architects. Meier has designed several iconic buildings with the prominent use of white color.
Minimalist home in Luxembourg by eminent designer Meier
The home is a sensitively fashioned masterpiece of white emerald- aluminum panels and glass that is strongly horizontal. However, it is more understated than some of the architect’s other houses, as if he were trying to respect the low-key nature. The house is largely solid on the street side for the sake of privacy. Its glass walls and balconies are screened by a front elevation of white panels. Moreover, it has strategic openings to admit sunlight. On the other side that faces the landscape, the metal sections recede and the glass takes over. Hence it seems as if they are exposing the rooms generously to the light and the views of fields beyond. The reserved street-side exterior hides a spatial extravagance as well.
The entrance stairs and hall run into the airy main living room. Its one end soars two full stories and is clad in walls of glass. However, it gives an elegant configuration of line and shape that continues a lineage extending back to the Smith house. Furthermore, a gently curving balcony containing a sitting room and study overlooks the double-height space. All of the interior walls are painted white and the floors are dark- gray granite.
The architect has furnished the rooms sparingly by carefully choosing the precisely positioned pieces. The living room has voluptuous white sofas that have been thoughtfully set to encourage both gazing outdoors and sociability. While in the upstairs study, red modular seating flanks the fireplace, providing a space for a private conversation. To summarize, natural light is everywhere. The white walls and stretches of glass mean that the character of the rooms changes constantly.
Awards and recognition:
Meier is also among the famous architects to receive the Pritzker Award in 1984. He also got the gold medal in architecture from the Academy of Arts and Letters. Meier was also a Senior Fellow of the Design Futures Council. Cornell established a new professorship named for Meier, in 2010. Moreover, he won the A+ Lifetime Achievement Award, in 2013. He also received Dedalo Minnose International Prize for Commissioning a building.
18. Robert Venture
The American architect Robert Charles Venture is the primary founder of Venturi, Scott Brown, and Associates. He was born on June 25th, 1925 and is one of the major famous architects of the 20th century. Venturi brought innovation and expansion to the architecture by theoretical writings, planning, teachings, and buildings. He also changed the way people think about American- built environment and the architecture.
Vanna Venturi House
Many of the fundamental elements of the house are a rejoin against standard modernist and architectural essentials. They consist of the inclined roof rather than a flat roof, the emphasis on the central hearth and chimney. A congested ground floor is set categorically on the ground rather than the customized columns and glass walls which bring in the ground floor. On the front elevation, the broken down basement and the purely ornamental archway reflect slip back to the denial of Modernism. Thus it seems as the house takes a significant break from modern architectural design to ancient architectural ways.
The position of the house is flat, with a prolonged driveway connecting it to the main street. Venturi positioned the parallel walls of the house at an angle perpendicular to the main axis of the location. They are made distinct by the driveway before they could be placed along the axis. Strangely, the triangular upper part, the gable is placed on the long side of the rectangle that the house forms. However, there is no such gable at the rear. The apparent chimney seems to be placed midway through the room on the second floor, but the actual chimney is small and off-center. The effect is to enhance the effect of the small house and make the frontage appear to be enormous.
The house does not have similar exaggerated effects in the back. However, it makes the house look small and large at different angles and corners. The house is thoroughly built around the staircase and the central chimney. However, none of the both play a lesser role to make the house look constituted on the base of the unity of duality of the central core. The whole house is a blend of skillful thoughts and ancient methods of architecture.
In 1985, Robert received the AIA Architecture Firm Award, likewise many other famous architects. Later, he became the fellow of the American Academy in Rome from 1954- 1956. Moreover, he was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Letters. He received the United States Presidential Award, named as National Medal of Arts, in 1992.
19. Moshe Safdie
Born on 14th July 1938, Moshe Safdie is an Israeli and Canadian architect. He is also a theorist, educator, urban designer, and author. Safdie is mostly identified by his design of Marina Bay Sands and his project of Habitat 67. Both these designs have paved ways for him to work on an international level. He did his graduation with a degree in architecture, in 1961, from McGill University. He was an apprentice with one of the most famous architects, Louis Kahn. Later on, he came back to Montreal and completed his task of Expo 67. While being a citizen of Canada, US, and Israel, focused on his architectural practice with branches in Toronto, Jerusalem, and Singapore.
Moshe Safdie’s Unit:
Sweeping views across the Saint Lawrence River keeping with the original aesthetic at the time of completion nowadays is used for scholarly research or public tours the apartment is in line with contemporary standards of sustainability and energy conservation. Also, they protect it against weathering, although these features are intended to remain hidden. Walls were stripped back to allow for new layers of insulation and waterproofing. It will allow the structure to better withstand Canada’s cold and harsh winters.
Inside, restored wooden flooring runs throughout, with slender openings between boards to reduce the chance of distort. The woodwork in the property includes the doors and a rail that wraps around the staircase- all complemented by the bright white- painted walls. The kitchen cabinets and white bathrooms moldings are also beautifully designed. In the kitchen, new appliances are hidden within the cabinetry.
Three terraces, including the pair that branches off from the main living area on the lower roof, punctuates the Safdie’s unit. Also, there is a third that slots between the bedroom volumes on the level above. Each is accessed by sliding glass doors that retract into the walls and is covered in slatted wooden decking. Safdie architects have fitted energy-efficient windows inside to match the existing large openings, which the firm’s founder designed to offer views of the river and the Montreal.
Awards and recognition:
Safdie received many awards like Gold Medal from American Institute of Architects. He was also the Companion of the Order of Canada. Also, he received a Gold Medal from the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. Safdie got Richard Neutra Award for his professional excellence. Recently in 2019, he has received Wolf Prize in Arts, i.e. Architecture. Also, he has received Honorary Doctorate, Technion from the Israel Institute of Technology.
20. Steven Holl
Steven Holl, born on 9th Dec 1947, is New York-based American architect and watercolorist. He spent his childhood in Manchester and Bremerton, Washington. He did his graduation from the University of Washington and then pursued the architecture in Rome in 1970. Holl attended graduate school at Architectural Association School of Architecture, London in 1976. He has frequently taught on the relationship between music and architecture. Time magazine elected Holl to be America’s best architect in July 2001.
The Ex of In House by Steven Holl
Steven built the house on a forested twenty-eight-acre property in New York. The house walks around density within interlocking spaces while utilizing experimental shapes within 918 square meters. The purpose is to create a new kind of dwelling. The architect constructed the house entirely of raw materials: birch plywood walls, a solid mahogany window and door frames, and a mahogany staircase. He didn’t use plasterboard anywhere. However, he made the spherical shapes in thin, curved wooden layers. The intersections were used to design the utility of these spaces; there are zero bedrooms, but the house can sleep five.
The resulting home is incredibly eco- friendly while utilizing geothermal heating and powered by solar electricity. The architect sourced the glass and wood locally, while he printed the light fixtures in 3D from corn-based bio-plastic. On entering the building, he carved the first sphere of wood out of the house. This small hall leads to a slightly buried living room, which has a double-height ceiling that features a semi-circular skylight. Behind the central staircase is a dining and cooking area, which opens on to a stone patio beside a reflecting pool.
Up to the stairs in an open space marked as a bedroom on the plans. Behind a small bathroom, there is a hidden nook, where there is a series of curved wooden steps at the back of the entrance sphere. He designed a platform at the top as a potential place for a mattress. However, the architects stated that the use of these upper-floor spaces for sleeping is merely a suggestion.
Recognition and awards:
Steven Holl is among those famous architects who received the prestigious Alvar Alto medal. In 2000, the association elected him to American Academy of Arts and Letters. In 1986, the association nominated his design as the best architectural design by the American Institute of Architects in New York. Holl got distinction as the 2016 Laureate for “The Daylight and Building Component Award” for daylight in architecture.
21. Alvaro Siza
Born on 25th June 1933, Alvaro Siza is another of the most famous architects of the world. He was an architectural educator and also a Portuguese architect. Everyone knows him by his name Alvaro Siza, while the actual name is Alvaro Joaquim de Melo Siza. In 1955, he got his degree of graduation in architecture at the School of Fine Arts, Porto. Even before ending his studies, he had completed his first work, in 1954. The same year he first opened his private practice in Porto.
Oporto House by the famous Alvaro
The architect organized the structural forms of the residence volumetrically by horizontal and vertical sections. The ground floor parametric facade consists of a rectangular form with protruding entrance openings mirroring the framing to the floor creating a strong symbolical relation between outside and inside. The greatest detail of this approach is the part grey floor section to the floor frame blending in with the paving material. This outside-in relation is even more dominant by the independent cubicle structure. It is in motion with everything from the landscape motioning towards the main house.
He designed all the areas to relate to their functions as well as to their surroundings. One residence faces the street while the house relates to the landscape and the underground to the foundations with sections in granite. He made all the sections easily broken up into public and social use of space with control of natural daylight throughout the structure. However, he designed it by openings and respective skylights. All these aspects create the primal scope for the interior use concerning the structure and all that is around it.
The residential interior is truly a dream come true. Stark whiteness, open spaces, simplistic balustrades, cut out staircases, wood flooring, and custom details bring a sense of clarity to both mind and lifestyle. One of the most dynamic features is the skinned ceiling exposing the raw shell of the structure with decorative detail. The lamps, the light, the doorknobs, the doors, the handrails, furniture, and even some paintings have been designed by the owner, especially for this residence. An indoor swimming pool is with the mirrored frame detail as the exterior except here we see the reflection on the ceiling.
Alvaro Siza is one of the most prominent architects of his generation. Most of the people know him for his sculptural works that refer as “poetic modernism”. On 6th of June 1992, he got the title of Grand officer of the “Military Order of Saint James of the Sword”. Moreover, he became a member of the “American Academy of Arts and Science. Also, he was an honorary Fellow of the Royal Institute of Architects and the European Academy of Sciences and Arts.
22. Eero Saarinen
The Finnish American Architect, Eero Saarinen, was born on the 20th of August, 1910. However, he was also an industrial designer noted for his neo-futuristic style. He got his skills from his father, one of the Finnish famous architects, Eliel Saarinen. In September 1929, he began his education in sculpture at Academic de la Grande Chaumiere in Paris, France. He worked with father, mother, and sister to design the elements of the Cranbook campus in Bloomfield Hills, madrigal. His leaded glass designs are the most prominent feature throughout the Campus.
Koebel House by Eero Saarinen:
The designer made it with a solid, massive, almost unbroken brick wall on the left. However, he anchored it to its right by the strong vertical mass of a brick chimney. Then, it expands to the right in horizontal lines that step down to the one-story high garage. Strong horizontal lines are accentuated by a flattened roof with 18 deep extended eaves featured in copper. The deep eaves repeat above portions of the front and rear first level.
The main two-story part of the house has a rectangular shape. At the rear of the house behind the garage, the garden room with one side wall angled so that the room tapers to a rounded end. However, it projects into the backyard. The architect restored some landscaping to make it look very similar to pictures from the original house. He also altered the remainder of the landscaping from the original serpentine brick wall, that remains in the backyard. A row of over twenty pre-existing Norway spruces lines the side of the property.
There are three iron gates with an innovative fashion. The interior of the house has many unusual features with en suite furniture styled exclusively for the house. However, the kitchen remains unchanged for all intents and purposes. It is considerable under Category C because it is one of only two houses that the famous architects, father-son team has designed. The Koebel house is an excellent illustration of their viewpoint that the architect should consider the total environment. He should give as much careful consideration to the interior design and furnishings as to the architectural structure.
Awards and honors:
Saarinen is one of the famous architects who won two prizes in the furniture design competition of MoMA. He received Grand Architectural Award in 1953 from the Boston Arts Festival. Also, he got a gold medal from the American Institute of Architects in 1962. In 1965, Eero received the first prize in the US Embassy competition in London.
23. Louis Sullivan
Louis Henry Sullivan, also known as the “father of skyscrapers” and the “father of modernism”. He was born on 3rd September 1856 to a Swiss lady who had immigrated to the US in the late 1840s. His first job was with one of the famous architects, France Furness. The architect has a link with the phrase, “Form follows function” although he credited the origin of the concept to an ancient Roman Architect.
Lincoln Park house by the prominent designer Louis Sullivan
The frontage seems timeless, with highly shaped stone inset panels and an unbalanced assortment of windows set contained by an abstract sandstone grid. The key living spaces are on the second floor, where they neglect a shared semi-private park built across a parking deck. It serves the house and its neighbors. The need to provide efficient and instant vertical access to the piano-led the architects to plan an unforgettable sky-lit central stair. The architect-designed it this way so that it connects the four levels of the home and distributes daylight all the way through.
The kitchen faces the street, while the extroverted dining and living room opens to the park. A fourth-floor sun lounge tops up the third-floor bedrooms that open to two rooftop living spaces. It includes a kitchen garden that supplies fresh food for the family. An effortless interior palette of light stone and wood floors with bright white walls and ceilings set up a non-historical expressive language. It seems both modern and argot. However, solving the constraints related to the classic double-party-wall townhouse typology, designers have drawn on a classy use of space. It includes extensions into the outer surface at the second and fourth levels. It creates a home that seems more like a freestanding single-family residence.
He carefully restored and enhanced the five-bedroom, three-and-a-half bathroom assets. The structure’s remarkable wood staircase is original but recreated several interior details such as ceilings, fireplace mantels, and doors. He also made copies of some elements from originals, previously detached and donated to a museum during an earlier modernization project.
Awards and recognition:
Sullivan is one of the famous architects of American architecture. He received the AIA Gold Medal in 1944, is the second architect to have it. People acknowledge him by his enduring contributions to the theory and practice of architecture and praise his architectural skills. Louis Sullivan was the inspiration of the main character in “The Fountainhead”, Ayn Rand’s novel, Henry Cameron.
24. Walter Gropius
A German architect, Walter Georg Gropius was born on 18th May 1883. He is widely regarded as one of the most famous architects and pioneering masters of modern architecture. People all over the world count him in the list of famous architects like Ludwig Mies, Alvar Alto, Frank Lloyd, and Le Corbusier. Moreover, he was also one of the renowned architects of the International style, topping the list.
Gropius House by well-known architect Walter
Gropius made up his house of all; stone, wood, and brick. It consists of two levels in which the architect constructed the basement with stone structures. It will not be wrong to say that he made the house a volume with stone adjustments. The access of the floor is angular and is under a porch to welcome visitors. The architects gave privacy to the lobby through hollow grass blocks. The stone flooring also covers the porch in the back. Also, the bathrooms on both floors are located in an area where there are no just views. Both the dining area and living room consists of stone fireplaces which are located next to the center of the house. At this level, a spiral staircase takes the person to the second level terrace.
There are two bathrooms, a lounge, a study room, a wardrobe, a spiral staircase, a kitchen, and a porch. Moreover, there are also room services available. One can access the plant from the main staircase which leads to the lobby. It then takes to the bedrooms, terrace, and study. In the north corner, there are bathrooms. Above the seating area, one can find a terrace which also has away from the garden. The double-height covered terrace makes the dining room illuminated.
The upper part has three bedrooms, a terrace, lobby, two bathrooms, and a study room. The architect used wooden tablets on the walls, balustrades, steel to the forges as stairs, brick, and columns. Moreover, he used ornamental porches with sheet metal lining to build the stone base and the flooring. He used a glass block to shed light on some points as well as laminated glass for the woodwork.
Rewards and recognition
Gropius is the pioneer of making door handles, which is now an icon of the 20th century. He founded the young architects’ association in 1946. He was another of the famous architects who received the AIA Gold Medal. In 1961, he got the Albert Medal for his outstanding work. Later on, in 1961, he received the Goethe Prize for his remarkable work in the field of architecture.
25. Oscar Neimeyer
The Brazilian architect, Oscar Neimeyer was born on 15th Dec 1907. His work was greatly influenced by Le Corbusier but he did not prevent his architecture from going in a different direction. He was one of the most famous architects well-known for his use of abstract forms and curves. The aesthetic possibilities of reinforced concrete were his exploration. They were greatly influential in the late 20th century and the early 21st century. He has played a big role in the development of modern architecture, along with other famous architects.
Neimeyer’s Das Canoas by the famous Oscar
Neimeyer purposely created the living spaces to set in a shadow so there would be no need for curtains. Hence, he, in turn, created transparency in the house. The architect’s intention was a design of absolute freedom. The freedom, that came by shaping the environment and adapting it to its irregularities. In a truly modernist fashion, the thick vegetation caused the diversity in the look of the house. The famous architects, he and his daughter designed the house’s interior to give a cozy effect to the resident. This concept is evident with the original curves that are in all corners of the design.
Windows are outgoing that makes it easy to peer out at the subtropical vegetation. The architect has combined nature with the design by using granite in the living spaces from the garden. It seems to almost climb out of the soil. Sculptures sit beside the property’s pool. The sculptures capture the natural beauty of the female body. The architect-designed spaces such as shelters with small windows to show the portions of greenery outside. The architect has made the roof of the design to emphasize the flow of the fluid facade.
Neimeyer’s Das Canoas is a work of glass and steel that bends to the Earth. The relationship between the house and the landscape breaks when we enter the bedrooms. The architect has designed them as those of refugees with small window openings. The tiny openings only reveal a little part of the luxuriant growth outside. The graceful roof emphasizes the form of the house, offering a beautiful view out over the sea.
Oscar got the International Lenin Peace Prize in 1963. He was also among the most famous architects to get Pritzker Prize in 1988. He was also an honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Science in 1949. Later on, in 1963 he became a member of the American Institutes of Architects.
The famous architects- Summing up:
Hence, these were a few ever-famous architects with their marvelous pieces of aesthetic sense and long-lasting beauty. These historical houses served not only as of the trendsetters for their respective cultures and civilizations but are also the assets of the whole world of architecture. This clearly shows that an artist may die but his work never dies.